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中生网 > 实验技术 > PCR技术 > Detection of Viruses in Infected Plant Extracts

Detection of Viruses in Infected Plant Extracts using Immunocapture-PCR

更新:2013年10月10日 阅读次数: 【字体:

 

 

  1) Immunocapture stage

  • Coating buffer : 15 mM Na2 CO3 ; 35 mM NaHCO3 , and 3 mM NaN3 , per liter (pH 9.6).
  • Extraction buffer : (20 mM Tris-HCL (pH 8.0), 138 mM NaCl, 1 mM PVP, 0.05% Tween-20, 3 mM KCl, and 3 mM NaN3 per liter (pH 7.4).
  • PBS-Tween wash buffer : 138 mM NaCl, 1.5 mM KH2 PO4 , 8 mM Na2 HPO4 , 3 mM KCl, 0.05% Tween-20, and 3 mM NaN3,  perliter pH 7.4)
  • Antibodies

2) PCR stage

  For a single reaction of 50 ul, the PCR components are:

  • 20 mM Tris-HCl (pH 8.4) (included in 10XPCR buffer depending on manufacturer)
  • 50 mM KCl (included in 10XPCR buffer depending on manufacturer)
  • 1.5 mM MgCl2
  • 0.2 mM dNTP
  • 50 pmoles of each primer (degenerate primers can be used)
  • 1% Tween-20
  • 2.5 U Taq DNA Polymerase

Method

(A) Preparation of clarified extracts: 

  1. Wash fresh foliar tissue briefly in sterile distilled water.
  2. Weight out 1 g and cut into strips with sterile scalpel blade.
  3. Grind tissue using autoclaved mortar and pestle (or extraction pouches) in extraction buffer (1X working conc.) at a ratio of 1:3 w/v at room temperature.
  4. Filter extracts through mira cloth (not required if using extraction pouches).
  5. Serially dilute extract to 20 to 2-10 in extraction buffer � use 2-5 and 2-6 dilutions for the antigen capture steps.

(B) Antibody coating steps

  1. Dilute antibody 1:500 in coating buffer (1Xworking conc.)and mix gently by inversion.
  2. Aliquot 50 ul into 0.5 ml microcentrifuge tube.
  3. Place tube in a moist chamber.
  4. Incubate (see section (D) Varying duration times of protocol)

(C) Antigen capture steps 

  1. Pipette out diluted antibody
  2. Allow tube to air-dry (10-15 min)
  3. Aliquot 50 ul PBS-Tween wash buffer (1X working conc.)
  4. Pipette out wash buffer
  5. Repeat twice
  6. Allow tube to air-dry (10-15 min)
  7. Aliquot 50 ul of diluted plant extract
  8. Place tube in a moist chamber
  9. Incubate (see section (D) Varying duration times of protocol)

(D) PCR amplification

  1.   Pipette out diluted antibody
  2. Aliquot 50 ul PBS-Tween wash buffer (1X working conc.)
  3. Pipette out wash buffer
  4. Repeat twice
  5. Allow tube to air-dry (10-15 min)
  6. Aliquot 50 ul of PCR reaction mix

Perform your own PCR or conduct as recommended here:

For a single reaction of 50 ul, the PCR components include 20 mM Tris-HCl (pH 8.4), 50 mM KCl; 1.5 mM MgCl2 , 0.2 mM dNTP, 1% Tween-20, 2.5 U Taq DNA Polymerase and 50 pmoles of each primer (degenerate). Overlay reaction mix with PCR-grade, sterile mineral oil and subject to amplification using a programme of: 5 min at 94o C, followed by 40 cycles of 1 min at 940 C, 1 min at 550 C and 2 min at 720 C with a final extension of 5 min at 720 C.

(E) Varying the protocol duration time

 IC-PCR Short Protocol          (1 day single tube assay)

 

1) Antibody coating steps:

 

  • Dilute antibodies 1:500 in coating buffer (1Xworking conc.)
  • Incubate at 370 C for 2.5 h in moist chamber
  • Wash 3X with PBS-Tween wash buffer (1Xworking conc.) �let air dry

 

2) Antigen capture steps:

 

  • Grind leaf extracts 1:3 w/v in extraction buffer (1Xworking conc.)
  • Incubate at 370 C for 2.5 h in moist chamber
  • Wash 3X with PBS-Tween wash buffer (1Xworking conc.) �let air dry

 

3) Run PCR

 

IC-PCR Long Protocol          (3 day single tube assay)

 

1) Antibody coating steps:

 

  • Dilute antibodies 1:500 in coating buffer (1Xworking conc.)
  • Incubate at 40 C for 16 h in moist chamber
  • Wash 3X with PBS-Tween wash buffer (1Xworking conc.) �let air dry

 

2) Antigen capture steps:

 

  • Grind leaf extracts 1:3 w/v in extraction buffer (1Xworking conc.)
  • Incubate at 40 C for 16 h in moist chamber
  • Wash 3X with PBS-Tween wash buffer (1Xworking conc.) �let air dry

 

3) Run PCR

 

 

关键词:Immuno
相关栏目:实验技术 PCR技术
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